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The Us Helped To Negotiate A Peace Agreement In 1979 Between Israel And Syria. Egypt. Jordan. Iraq

Apr 13th, 2021

End of the conflict. Both sides aspire to a peace agreement that would end their conflict and respect the demands of each side and lead to peace and the normalization of Israel`s relations with all Arab states, as stipulated by the Arab League for Peace. Yet peace is often referred to as a “cold peace”[14] and many in Egypt are skeptical of its effectiveness. [16] [17] The Arab-Israeli conflict has kept relations cold. [18] According to CNSNews.com, in 2008, the Egyptian army conducted simulated military exercises against an “enemy” Israel. [19] [19] [best source required] The second framework[23] laid a basis six months later for the peace treaty, in particular the decision on the future of the Sinai Peninsula. Israel has agreed to withdraw its armed forces from Sinai, to evacuate its 4,500 civilians and to do so in exchange for normal diplomatic relations with Egypt, guarantees of freedom of passage through the Suez Canal and other nearby waterways (such as the Strait of Tiran) and a limitation of troops as Egypt in Sinai, especially within 20 to 40 km of Israel , to restore the situation. This process would take three years. Israel has also agreed to limit its troops to a smaller distance (3 km) from the Egyptian border and to guarantee free passage between Egypt and Jordan.

In withdrawing, Israel also returned the Abu Rudeis oil fields in western Sinai, which contained long-term commercial wells. As with other components of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, the Trump administration has focused on a clearly pro-Israel vision of Jewish settlements. In November 2019, U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo rejected the 1978 State Department statement, saying that civilian settlements in the West Bank were “not inherently incompatible with international law” and were not an obstacle to the peace process. The announcement prompted more than 100 members of Congress to sign a letter of disapproval [PDF]. Gordon of CFR commented on the move: “If there was already a yellow light from the United States for the extension of the colonies, the [Trump] administration simply greenished it.” Sadat first spoke in February 1971 about the possibility of peace with Israel and Egypt was the initiator of many stages in the 1970s. [1] On November 9, 1977, he frightened the world by announcing his intention to go to Jerusalem and address the Knesset. Shortly thereafter, the Israeli government cordially invited him to speak about the U.S. ambassador to Egypt in a message to Sadat. Ten days after his speech, Sadat arrived for the three-day revolutionary visit that launched the first peace process between Israel and an Arab state.

As with subsequent Arab-Israeli peace initiatives, Washington was caught off guard; The White House and the State Department were particularly concerned that Sadat was content to retake Sinai as quickly as possible, putting aside the Palestinian problem. Sadat was seen as a man of strong political convictions, who had the main objective in mind, and had no ideological basis, which made him politically incoherent. [9] Sadat`s visit came after he gave a speech to Egypt in which he said he was going everywhere, “including Jerusalem,” to discuss peace. [10] This speech led the government begin to declare that Israel would invite it if Israel believed that Sadat would accept an invitation.

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